The haplotype-resolved reference genome of lemon (Citrus limon L. Burm f.)
Lemon (Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.) is an evergreen tree belonging to the genus Citrus. The fruits are particularly prized for the organoleptic and nutraceutical properties of the juice and for the quality of the essential oils in the peel.Herein, we report, for the first time, the release of a high-quality reference genome of the two haplotypes of lemon. The sequencing has been carried out coupling Illumina short reads and Oxford Nanopore data leading to the definition of a primary and an alternative assembly characterized by a genome size of 312.8 Mb and 324.74 Mb respectively, which agree well with an estimated genome size of 312 Mb. The analysis of the transposable element (TE) allowed the identification of 2878 regions on the primary and 2897 on the alternative assembly distributed across the nine chromosomes. Furthermore, an in silico analysis of the microRNA genes was carried out using 246 mature miRNA and the respective pre-miRNA hairpin sequences of Citrus sinensis. Such analysis highlighted a high conservation between the two species with 233 mature miRNAs and 51 pre-miRNA stem-loops aligning with perfect match on the lemon genome.In parallel, total RNA was extracted from fruit, flower, leaf, and root enabling the detection of 35,020 and 34,577 predicted transcripts on primary and alternative assemblies respectively. To further characterize the annotated transcripts based on their function, a gene ontology and a gene orthology analysis with other Citrus and Citrus-related species were carried out.The availability of a reference genome is an important prerequisite both for the setup of high-throughput genotyping analysis and for functional genomic approaches toward the characterization of the genetic determinism of traits of agronomic interest.
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