Diversity and Plasticity of the Intracellular Plant Pathogen and Insect Symbiont "Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus" as Revealed by Hypervariable Prophage Genes with Intragenic Tandem Repeats

Publication Overview
TitleDiversity and Plasticity of the Intracellular Plant Pathogen and Insect Symbiont "Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus" as Revealed by Hypervariable Prophage Genes with Intragenic Tandem Repeats
AuthorsZhou L, Powell CA, Hoffman MT, Li W, Fan G, Liu B, Lin H, Duan Y
TypeJournal Article
Journal NameApplied and environmental microbiology AEM.
Volume77
Issue18
Year2011
Page(s)6663-6673
CitationZhou L, Powell CA, Hoffman MT, Li W, Fan G, Liu B, Lin H, Duan Y. Diversity and Plasticity of the Intracellular Plant Pathogen and Insect Symbiont "Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus" as Revealed by Hypervariable Prophage Genes with Intragenic Tandem Repeats. Applied and environmental microbiology AEM.. 2011; 77(18):6663-6673.

Abstract

"Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus" is a psyllid-transmitted, phloem-limited alphaproteobacterium and the most prevalent species of "Ca. Liberibacter" associated with a devastating worldwide citrus disease known as huanglongbing (HLB). Two related and hypervariable genes (hyvI and hyvII) were identified in the prophage regions of the Psy62 "Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus" genome. Sequence analyses of the hyvI and hyvII genes in 35 "Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus" DNA isolates collected globally revealed that the hyvI gene contains up to 12 nearly identical tandem repeats (NITRs, 132 bp) and 4 partial repeats, while hyvII contains up to 2 NITRs and 4 partial repeats and shares homology with hyvI. Frequent deletions or insertions of these repeats within the hyvI and hyvII genes were observed, none of which disrupted the open reading frames. Sequence conservation within the individual repeats but an extensive variation in repeat numbers, rearrangement, and the sequences flanking the repeat region indicate the diversity and plasticity of "Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus" bacterial populations in the world. These differences were found not only in samples of distinct geographical origins but also in samples from a single origin and even from a single "Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus"-infected sample. This is the first evidence of different "Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus" populations coexisting in a single HLB-affected sample. The Florida "Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus" isolates contain both hyvI and hyvII, while all other global "Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus" isolates contain either one or the other. Interclade assignments of the putative HyvI and HyvII proteins from Florida isolates with other global isolates in phylogenetic trees imply multiple "Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus" populations in the world and a multisource introduction of the "Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus" bacterium into Florida.
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Additional details for this publication include:
Property NameValue
Publication TypeJournal Article
Publication Date2011
Published Location|||
Language Abbreng
KeywordsCandidatus Liberibacter asiaticus, Citrus, DNA, bacteria, entomopathogens, genes, greening disease, open reading frames, phylogeny, plant pathogens, proteins, sequence analysis, symbionts, tandem repeat sequences
Cross References
This publication is also available in the following databases:
DatabaseAccession
AGL: USDA National Agricultural LibraryAGL:4692207
PMID: PubMedPMID:21784907